Bacteriophage Ecology Group
References (2000-on)
Dedicated to the ecology and evolutionary biology of the parasites of unicellular organisms (UOPs)
© Stephen T. Abedon
contents | bacteriophage ecology group | top of page
© Phage et al. last updated on Wednesday, December 26, 2001

  1. Bacteriophage therapy rescues mice bacteremic from a clinical isolate of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. Biswas, B., Adhya, S., Washart, P., Paul, B., Trostel, A.N., Powell, B., Carlton, R., Merril, C.R. (2002). Infect. Immun. 70:204-210. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  2. Bacteriophage latent-period evolution as a response to resource availability. Abedon, S.T., Herschler, T.D., Stopar, D. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:4233-4241. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  3. Le matin des bactériophages. Ackermann, H.-W. (2001). Virologie 5:35-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  4. Frequency of morphological phage descriptions in the year 2000. Brief Review. Ackermann, H.-W. (2001). Archives of Virology 146:843-857. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  5. The Vibrio cholerae VPI?/CTX?/TCP: Interactions of PHAGE-PHAGE-bacterium. Ai, Y.-C., Meng, F. (2001). Acta Microbiologica Sinica 41:[no abstract]

  6. Distribution of virus-like particles in an oligotrophic marine environment (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean). Alonso, M.C., Jimenez-Gomez, F., Rodriguez, J., Borrego, J.J. (2001). Microb. Ecol. 42:407-415. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  7. The bacteriophages of ruminal prevotellas. Ambrozic, J., Ferme, D., Grabnar, M., Ravnikar, M., Avgustin, G. (2001). Folia Microbiologica 46:37-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  8. Optimisation and standardisation of a method for detecting and enumerating bacteriophages infecting Bacteroides fragilis. Araujo, R., Muniesa, M., Mendez, J., Puig, A., Queralt, N., Lucena, F., Jofre, J. (2001). Journal of Virological Methods 93:127-136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  9. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophage-resistant mutants of Vibrio cholerae O139. Attridge, S.R., Fazeli, A., Manning, P.A., Stroeher, U.H. (2001). Microbial Pathogenesis 30:237-246. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  10. Bacteriological and virological quality of seawater bathing areas along the Tyrrhenian coast. Aulicino, F.A., Orsini, P., Carere, M., Mastrantonio, A. (2001). International Journal of Environmental Health Research 11:5-11. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  11. The use of bacteriophages for treatment and prevention of bacterial disease in animals and animal models of human infection. Barrow, P.A. (2001). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 76:677-682. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  12. Phage treatment: can we utilise it for certain infective diseases in India? Bhatia, R.S. (2001). Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 49:590 [no abstract]

  13. The genome of the archael virus SIRV1 has features in common with genomes of eukaryal viruses. Blum, H., Zillig, W., Mallock, S., Domdey, H., Prangishvili, D. (2001). Virology 281:6-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  14. Phylogeny, genome evolution, and host specificity of single-stranded RNA bacteriophage (family Leviviridae). Bollback, J.P., Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2001). J. Mol. Evol. 52:117-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  15. Phages of Lactococcus lactis: an ecological and economical equilibrium. Boucher, I., Moineau, S. (2001). Recent Research Developments in Virology 3:243-256. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  16. Bacteriophage-bacteriophage interactions in the evolution of pathogenic bacteria. Boyd, E.F., Davis, B.M., Hochhut, B. (2001). Trends in Microbiology 9:137-144. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  17. Phage-related DNA polymorphism in dairy and probiotic Lactobacillus. Brandt, K., Tilsala-Timisjarvi, A., Alatossava, T. (2001). Micron 32:59-65. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  18. Analysis of the complete DNA sequence of the temperate bacteriophage TP901-1: Evolution, structure, and genome organization of lactococcal bacteriophages. Brondsted, L., Ostergaard, S., Pedersen, M., Hammer, K., Vogensen, F.K. (2001). Virology 283:93-109. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  19. Induction of lysogenic bacteriophage and phage-associated toxin from group A streptococci during coculture with human pharyngeal cells. Broudy, T.B., Pancholi, V., Fischetti, V.A. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:1440-1443.

  20. Comparative phage genomics and the evolution of Siphoviridae: Insights from dairy phages. Brussow, H., Desiere, F. (2001). Molecular Microbiology 39:213-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  21. Generalized transduction in Streptomyces coelicolor. Burke, J., Schneider, D., Westpheling, J. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:6289-6294. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  22. The origins and evolution of viruses. Campbell, A. (2001). Trends in Microbiology 9:61-61. [no abstract]

  23. Chemical and microbial characterization of household graywater. Casanova, L.M., Gerba, C.P., Karpiscak, M. (2001). J Environ Sci Health Part A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 36:395-401. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  24. Microbial population dynamics and diversity during a bloom of the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Castberg, T., Larsen, A., Sandaa, R.A., Brussaard, C.P.D., Egge, J.K., Heldal, M., Thyrhaug, R., van Hannen, E.J., Bratbak, G. (2001). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 221:39-46. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  25. Phages and their application against drug-resistant bacteria. Chanishvili, N., Chanishvili, T., Tediashvili, M., Barrow, P.A. (2001). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 76:689-699. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  26. Application of digital image analysis and flow cytometry to enumerate marine viruses stained with SYBR gold. Chen, F., Lu, J.R., Binder, B.J., Liu, Y.C., Hodson, R.E. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:539-545. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  27. Analysis of six prophages in Lactococcus lactis IL1403: Different genetic structure of temperate and virulent phage populations. Chopin, A., Bolotin, A., Sorokin, A., Ehrlich, S.D., Chopin, M.C. (2001). Nucleic Acids Research 29:644-651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  28. Nucleotide sequence of coliphage HK620 and the evolution of lambdoid phages. Clark, A.J., Inwood, W., Cloutier, T., Dhillon, T.S. (2001). J. Mol. Biol. 311:657-679. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  29. Bacteriophage T4 multiplication in an Escherichia coli biofilm. Corbin, B.D., Aron, G.M., McLeon, R.J.C. (2001). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 47:680-684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  30. Bacteriophage versus bacteria. Davies, M.J. (2001). Trends in Biotechnology 19:164-164. [no abstract]

  31. Estimation of the average burst size of Phix174 am3, cs70 for use in mutation assays with transgenic mice. Delongchamp, R.R., Valentine, C.R., Malling, H.V. (2001). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 37:356-360. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  32. Progeny of the phage school. Dixon, B. (2001). ASM News 69:432-433. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  33. Direct and quantitative detection of bacteriophage by "hearing" surface detachment using a quartz crystal microbalance. Dultsev, F.N., Speight, R.E., Fiorini, M.T., Blackburn, J.M., Abell, C., Ostanin, V.P., Klenerman, D. (2001). Analytical Chemistry 73:3935-3939. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  34. Transduction by phiBB-1, a bacteriophage of Borrelia burgdorferi. Eggers, C.H., Kimmel, B.J., Bono, J.L., Elias, A.F., Rosa, P., Samuels, D.S. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:4771-4778. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  35. Diminished diarrheal response to Vibrio cholerae strains carrying the replicative form of the CTXf genome instead of CTXf lysogens in adult rabbits. Faruque, S.M., Rahman, M.M., Hasan, A.K., Nair, G.B., Mekalanos, J.J., Sack, D.A. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:6084-6090. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  36. Development and optimization of a novel immunomagnetic separation- bacteriophage assay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in broth. Favrin, S.J., Jassim, S.A., Griffiths, M.W. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:217-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  37. Variable assortment of prophages provides a transferable repertoire of pathogenic determinants in Salmonella. Figueroa-Bossi, N., Uzzau, S., Maloriol, D., Bossi, L. (2001). Molecular Microbiology 39:260-271. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  38. Phage antibacterials make a comeback. Fischetti, V.A. (2001). Nature Biotechnology 19:734-735. [no abstract]

  39. H-mutant bacteriophages as a potential biocontrol of bacterial blight of geranium. Flaherty, J.E., Harbaugh, B.K., Jones, J.B., Somodi, G.C., Jackson, L.E. (2001). Hortscience 36:98-100. 634.05 H79 or SB1H85

  40. Bacteriophage lambda: Alive and well and still doing its thing. Friedman, D.I., Court, D.L. (2001). Current Opinion in Microbiology 4:201-207. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  41. Reviewing efficacy of alternative water treatment techniques. Hambidge, A. (2001). Health Estate 55:23-25. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  42. A conserved genetic module that encodes the major virion components in both the coliphage T4 and the marine cyanophage S-PM2. Hambly, E., Tétart, F., Desplats, C., Wilson, H., Krisch, H.M., Mann, N.H. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:11411-11416. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  43. Reduction in exopolysaccharide viscosity as an aid to bacteriophage penetration through Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Hanlon, G.W., Denyer, S.P., Olliff, C.J., Ibrahim, L.J. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2746-2753. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  44. Isolation and characterization of a temperature-sensitive generalized transducing bacteriophage for Vibrio cholerae. Hava, D.L., Camilli, A. (2001). J Microbiol Methods 46:217-225. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  45. First evidence of lysogeny in Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii. Herve, C., Coste, A., Rouault, A., Fraslin, J.M., Gautier, M. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:231-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  46. Effects of concentrated viral communities on photosynthesis and community composition of co-occurring benthic microalgae and phytoplankton. Hewson, I., O'Neil, J.M., Heil, C.A., Bratbak, G., Dennison, W.C. (2001). Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 25:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  47. Bacteriophage therapy for bacterial infections: Rekindling a memory from the pre-antibiotics era. Ho, K. (2001). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44:1-16. [no abstract]

  48. Filamentous phage associated with recent pandemic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Iida, T., Hattori, A., Tagomori, K., Nasu, H., Naim, R., Honda, T. (2001). Emerging Infectious Diseases 7:477-478. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  49. Practical evaluation of molecular subtyping and phage typing in outbreaks of infection due to Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium. Jeoffreys, N.J., James, G.S., Chiew, R., Gilbert, G.L. (2001). Pathology 33:66-72. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  50. Human adenoviruses and coliphages in urban runoff-impacted coastal waters of Southern California. Jiang, S., Noble, R., Chu, W. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:179-184. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  51. Mosaic structure of shiga-toxin-2-encoding phages isolated from Escherichia coli O157:H7 indicates frequent gene exchange between lambdoid phage genomes. Johansen, B.K., Wasteson, Y., Granum, P.E., Brynestad, S. (2001). Microbiology 147:1929-1936. [no abstract]

  52. Mechanism of the photocatalytic inactivation of Lactobacillus casei phage PL-1 by titania thin film. Kashige, N., Kakita, Y., Nakashima, Y., Miake, F., Watanabe, K. (2001). Current Microbiology 42:184-189. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  53. Elimination of fecal coliforms and F-specific RNA coliphage from oysters (Crassostrea virginica) relaid in floating containers. Kator, H., Rhodes, M. (2001). Journal of Food Protection 64:796-801. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  54. Comparative study of vaginal Lactobacillus phages isolated from women in the United States and Turkey: prevalence, morphology, host range, and DNA homology. Kilic, A.O., Pavlova, S.I., Alpay, S., Kilic, S.S., Tao, L. (2001). Clin. Diag. Lab. Immunol. 8:31-39. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  55. Octamer-based genome scanning distinguishes a unique subpopulation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains in cattle. Kim, J., Nietfeldy, J., Benson, A.K. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:13288-13293. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  56. Phage facts. Konforti, B. (2001). Nature Structural Biology 8:19-20. [no abstract]

  57. Antacid increases survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage in a gastrointestinal model. Koo, J., Marshall, D.L., Depaola, A. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2895-2902. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  58. Cloning of genomic DNA of Lactococcus lactis that restores phage sensitivity to an unusual bacteriophage sk1-resistant mutant. Kraus, J., Geller, B.L. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:791-798. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  59. [Vibrio cholerae O139 bacteriophages]. Kudriakova, T.A., Makedonova, L.D., Kachkina, G.V., Saiamov, S.R. (2001). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 28-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  60. Use of bacteriophage therapy in surgical practice. Lakhno, V.M., Bordunovskii, V.N. (2001). Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 160:122-125. [no abstract]

  61. Population dynamics and diversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and viruses in a seawater enclosure. Larsen, A., Castberg, T., Sandaa, R.A., Brussaard, C.P.D., Egge, J.K., Heldal, M., Paulino, A., Thyrhaug, R., van Hannen, E.J., Bratbak, G. (2001). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 221:47-57. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  62. A novel virus (HaNIV) causes lysis of the toxic bloom-forming alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Lawrence, J.E., Chan, A.M., Suttle, C.A. (2001). Journal of Phycology 37:216-222. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  63. Viruses in the plankton of freshwater and saline Antarctic lakes. Laybourn-Parry, J., Hofer, J.S., Sommaruga, R. (2001). Freshwater Biology 46:1279-1287. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  64. Efficacy of bacteriophage use in complex treatment of the patients with burn wounds. Lazareva, E.B., Smirnov, S.V., Khvatov, V.B., Spiridonova, T.G., Bitkova, E.E., Darbeeva, O.S., Mayskaya, L.M., Parphenyuk, R.L., Menshikov, D.D. (2001). Antibiotiki i Khimioterapiya 46:10-14. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  65. Examination of bacteriophage as a biocontrol method for salmonella on fresh-cut fruit: a model study. Leverentz, B., Conway, W.S., Alavidze, Z., Janisiewicz, W.J., Fuchs, Y., Camp, M.J., Chighladze, E., Sulakvelidze, A. (2001). Journal of Food Protection 64:1116-1121. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  66. Colloidal interactions in suspensions of rods. Lin, K., Crocker, J.C., Zeri, A.C., Yodh, A.G. (2001). Phys Rev Lett 87:088301 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  67. Mechanism of host cell death induced by infection of Escherichia coli with the c2 clear-plaque mutant of phage f1. Lin, S.H., Chen, W.P., Kuo, T.T. (2001). Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica (Taipei) 42:45-52. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  68. Depolymerization of the capsular polysaccharide from Vibrio cholerae O139 by a lyase associated with the bacteriophage JA1. Linnerborg, M., Weintraub, A., Albert, M.J., Widmalm, G. (2001). Carbohydrate Research 333:263-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  69. Physiological function of exopolysaccharides produced by Lactococcus lactis. Looijesteijn, P.J., Trapet, L., de, V.E., Abee, T., Hugenholtz, J. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 64:71-80. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  70. Distribution, isolation, host specificity, and diversity of cyanophages infecting marine Synechococcus spp. in river estuaries. Lu, J., Chen, F., Hodson, R.E. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:3285-3290. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  71. Elution, detection, and quantification of polio I, bacteriophages, Salmonella montevideo, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 from seeded strawberries and tomatoes. Lukasik, J., Bradley, M.L., Scott, T.M., Hsu, W.Y., Farrah, S.R., Tamplin, M.L. (2001). Journal of Food Protection 64:292-297. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  72. The genome of archaeal prophage PsiM100 encodes the lytic enzyme responsible for autolysis of Methanothermobacter wolfeii. Luo, Y., Pfister, P., Leisinger, T., Wasserfallen, A. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:5788-5792. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  73. Analysis of the genetic switch and replication region of a P335-type bacteriophage with an obligate lytic lifestyle on Lactococcus lactis. Madsen, S.M., Mills, D., Djordjevic, G., Israelsen, H., Klaenhammer, T.R. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1128-1139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  74. Sequence analysis and molecular characterization of the Lactococcus lactis temperate bacteriophage BK5-T. Mahanivong, C., Boyce, J.D., Davidson, B.E., Hillier, A.J. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:3564-3576. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  75. Growth and survival of clinical vs. environmental species of Aeromonas in tap water. Mary, P., Buchet, G., Defives, C., Hornez, J.P. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 69:191-198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  76. Mu-like prophage in serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis coding for surface-exposed antigens. Masignani, V., Giuliani, M.M., Tettelin, H., Comanducci, M., Rappuoli, R., Scarlato, V. (2001). Infect. Immun. 69:2580-2588.

  77. Bacteriophage WO and virus-like particles in Wolbachia, an endosymbiont of arthropods. Masui, S., Kuroiwa, H., Sasaki, T., Inui, M., Kuroiwa, T., Ishikawa, H. (2001). Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications 283:1099-1104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  78. Improvement and optimization of two engineered phage resistance mechanisms in Lactococcus lactis. McGrath, S., Fitzgerald, G.F., van Sinderen, D. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:608-616. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  79. Livestock deaths associated with Clavibacter toxicus/Anguina sp. infection in seedheads of Agrostis avenacea and Polypogon monspeliensis. McKay, A.C., Ophel, K.M., Reardon, T.B., Gooden, J.M. (2001). Plant Disease 77:635-641. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  80. Phenotype characterization of genetically defined microorganisms and growth of bacteriophage in biofilms. McLean, R.J., Corbin, B.D., Balzer, G.J., Aron, G.M. (2001). Methods in Enzymology 336:163-174. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  81. Phi29 family of phages. Meijer, W.J., Horcajadas, J.A., Salas, M. (2001). Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 65:261-287. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  82. Characterization of two novel Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteriophages from a field release site of genetically-modified rhizobia. Mendum, T.A., Clark, I.M., Hirsch, P.R. (2001). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 79:189-197.

  83. Multiple infection dynamics has pronounced effects on the fitness of RNA viruses. Miralles, R., Ferrer, R., Sole, R.V., Moya, A., Elena, S.F. (2001). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14:654-662. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  84. Effect of phage on survival of Salmonella enteritidis during manufacture and storage of cheddar cheese made from raw and pasteurized milk. Modi, R., Hirvi, Y., Hill, A., Griffiths, M.W. (2001). Journal of Food Protection 64:927-933. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  85. Characterization of VPI pathogenicity island and CTXphi prophage in environmental strains of Vibrio cholerae. Mukhopadhyay, A.K., Chakraborty, S., Takeda, Y., Nair, G.B., Berg, D.E. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:4737-4746. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  86. Phage conversion of Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Staphylococcus aureus: molecular analysis of a PVL-converting phage, phiSLT. Narita, S., Kaneko, J., Chiba, J., Piemont, Y., Jarraud, S., Etienne, J., Kamio, Y. (2001). Gene 268:195-206. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  87. Prevention and elimination of upper respiratory colonization of mice by group A streptococci by using a bacteriophage lytic enzyme. Nelson, D., Loomis, L., Fischetti, V.A. (2001). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:4107-4112. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  88. Three-component-mediated serotype conversion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by bacteriophage D3. Newton, G.J., Daniels, C., Burrows, L.L., Kropinski, A.M., Clarke, A.J., Lam, J.S. (2001). Molecular Microbiology 39:1237-1247. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  89. Increased mutation rate of E. coli K12 lambda cultures maintained in continuous logarithmic growth. Northrop, J.H. (2001). Journal of General Physiology 50:369-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  90. Pathogenicity and resistance islands of staphylococci. Novick, R.P., Schlievert, P., Ruzin, A. (2001). Microbes Infect 3:585-594. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  91. Naturally occurring lactococcal plasmid pAH90 links bacteriophage resistance and mobility functions to a food-grade selectable marker. O' Sullivan, D., Ross, R.P., Twomey, D.P., Fitzgerald, G.F., Hill, C., Coffey, A. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:929-937. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  92. Diversification of Escherichia coli genomes: are bacteriophages the major contributors? Ohnishi, M., Kurokawa, K., Hayashi, T. (2001). Trends in Microbiology 9:481-485. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  93. Bacteriophage P4282, a parasite of Ralstonia solanacearum, encodes a bacteriolytic protein important for lytic infection of its host. Ozawa, H., TANAKA, H., Ichinose, Y., Shiraishi, T., Yamada, T. (2001). MGG Molecular Genetics and Genomics 265:95-101.

  94. Complete genomic sequence of the lytic bacteriophage fYeO3-12 of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3. Pajunen, M.I., Kiljunen, S.J., Soderholm, M.E.L., Skurnik, M. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:1928-1937. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  95. Survival of bacteriophages of Lactococcus lactis in sodium hypochlorite and during storage. Parada, J.L., De Fabrizio, S.V. (2001). Revista Argentina de Microbiologia 33:89-95.

  96. Understanding bacteriophage therapy as a density-dependent kinetic process. Payne, R.J.H., Jansen, V.A.A. (2001). J. Theor. Biol. 208:37-48. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  97. Comparative study of nine Lactobacillus fermentum bacteriophages. Picozzi, C., Galli, A. (2001). Journal of Applied Microbiology 91:394-403.

  98. Viruses of the extremely therophilic archaeon Sulfolobus. Prangishvili, D., Stedman, K., Zillig, W. (2001). Trends Microbiol. 9:39-42. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  99. Contingent neutrality in competing viral populations. Quer, J., Hershey, C.L., Domingo, E., Holland, J.J., Novella, I.S. (2001). J. Virol. 75:7315-7320. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  100. Evolutionary role of restriction/modification systems as revealed by comparative genome analysis. Rocha, E.P., Danchin, A., Viari, A. (2001). Genome Research 11:946-958. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  101. Seasonal variations in the microbial population density present in biological sludge. Saleem, M., Al-Malack, M.H., Bukhari, A.A. (2001). Environmental Technology 22:255-259. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  102. Method for host-independent detection of generalized transducing bacteriophages in natural habitats. Sander, M., Schmieger, H. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1490-1493. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  103. Phage-mediated transfer of virulence genes. Saunders, J.R., Allison, H., James, C.E., McCarthy, A.J., Sharp, R. (2001). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 76:662-666. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  104. Isolation and characterization of five Erwinia amylovora bacteriophages and assessment of phage resistance in strains of Erwinia amylovora. Schnabel, E.L., Jones, A.L. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:59-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  105. Bacteriophage K1-5 encodes two different tail fiber proteins, allowing it to infect and replicate on both K1 and K5 strains of Escherichia coli. Scholl, D., Rogers, S., Adhya, S., Merril, C.R. (2001). J. Virol. 75:2509-2515. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  106. Reaction kinetics of protease with substrate phage: Kinetic model developed using stromelysin. Sharkov, N.A., Davis, R.M., Reidhaar-Olson, J.F., Navre, M., Cai, D. (2001). Journal of Biological Chemistry 276:10788-10793. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  107. Bacteriophages: biology and history. Sharp, R. (2001). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 76:667-672. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  108. Antibody responses to bacteriophage variant phiX-174 in human subjects exposed to the Antarctic winter-over model of spaceflight. Shearer, W.T., Lugg, D.J., Rosenblatt, H.M., Nickolls, P.M., Sharp, R.M., Reuben, J.M., Ochs, H.D. (2001). Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 107:160-164. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  109. Changes in bacterial community composition and dynamics and viral mortality rates associated with enhanced flagellate grazing in a mesoeutrophic reservoir. Simek, K., Weinbauer, M.G., Hornak, K., Dolan, J.R., Nedoma, J., Masin, M., Amann, R. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:2723-2733. [no abstract]

  110. The place of viruses in the "tree of life". Sinkovics, J.G. (2001). Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hungarica 48:115-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  111. The social evoltuion of bacterial pathogenesis. Smith, J. (2001). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268:61-69. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  112. Quorum sensing is a global regulatory mechanism in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Sperandio, V., Torres, A.G., Giron, J.A., Kaper, J.B. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:5187-5197. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  113. Rapid coliphage detection assay. Stanek, J.E., Falkinham, J.O., III (2001). Journal of Virological Methods 91:93-98. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  114. Application of Streptococcus thermophilus DPC1842 as an adjunct to counteract bacteriophage disruption in a predominantly lactococcal Cheddar cheese starter: use in bulk starter culture systems. Stokes, D., Ross, R.P., Fitzgerald, G.F., Coffey, A. (2001). Lait 81:327-334. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  115. Bacteriophage therapy. Sulakvelidze, A., Alavidze, Z., Morris, J.G. (2001). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 45:649-659. [no abstract]

  116. Community Structure: Viruses. Suttle, C.A. (2001). p. ???-???C.J. Hurst, G.R. Knudson, M.J. McInerney, L.D. Stezenbach, and M.V. Walter (eds.), (eds) Manual of Environmental Microbiology (2nd Edition). ASM Press, Washington, DC.[no abstract]

  117. Evidence for holin function of tcdE gene in the pathogenicity of Clostridium difficile. Tan, K.S., Wee, B.Y., Song, K.P. (2001). J. Med. Microbiol. 50:613-619. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  118. Phylogeny of the major head and tail genes of the wide-ranging T4-type bacteriophages. Tétart, F., Desplats, C., Kutateladze, M., Monod, C., Ackermann, H.-W., Krisch, H.M. (2001). J. Bacteriol. 183:358-366. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  119. Fate of indicator microorganisms, Giardia and Cryptosporidium in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Thurston, J.A., Gerba, C.P., Foster, K.E., Karpiscak, M.M. (2001). Water Res. 35:1547-1551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  120. Complete nucleotide sequence of the mycoplasma virus P1 genome. Tu, A.H., Voelker, L.L., Shen, X., Dybvig, K. (2001). Plasmid 45:122-126. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  121. The clc element of Pseudomonas sp. strain B13 and other mobile degradative elements employing phage-like integrases. van der Meer, J.R., Ravatn, R., Sentchilo, V. (2001). Archives of Microbiology 175:79-85. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  122. Induction of hepatitis B virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes response in vivo by filamentous phage display vaccine. Wan, Y., Wu, Y., Bian, J., Wang, X.Z., Zhou, W., Jia, Z.C., Tan, Y., Zhou, L. (2001). Vaccine 19:2918-2923. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  123. Therapy of infections in cancer patients with bacteriophages. Weber-Dabrowska, B., Mulczyk, M., Górski, A. (2001). CLIN APPL IMMUNOL REV 1:131-134. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  124. Predation in the presence of decoys: An inhibitory factor on pathogen control by bacteriophages or bdellovibrios in dense and diverse ecosystems. Wilkinson, M.H.F. (2001). J. Theor. Biol. 208:27-36. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  125. Interaction of the PhiHSIC virus with its host: lysogeny or pseudolysogeny? Williamson, S.J., McLaughlin, M.R., Paul, J.H. (2001). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1682-1688. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  126. Regulatory issues for phage-based clinical products. Withington, R. (2001). Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 76:673-676. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  127. Quantifying viral propagation in vitro: toward a method for characterization of complex phenotypes. Yin, J., Duca, K., Lam, V., Keren, I., Endler, E.E., Letchworth, G.J., Novella, I.S. (2001). Biotechnology Progress [no abstract]

  128. Characterization of a lytic Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage and molecular cloning of a lysin gene in Escherichia coli. Yoon, S.S., Kim, J.W., Breidt, F., Fleming, H.P. (2001). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 65:63-74. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  129. Simulating the growth of viruses. You, L., Yin, J. (2001). Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 532-543. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  130. Purification of Piscirickettsia salmonis and associated phage particles. Yuksel, S.A., Thompson, K.D., Ellis, A.E., Adams, A. (2001). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 44:231-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  131. The murky origin of Snow White and her T-even dwarfs. Abedon, S.T. (2000). Genetics 155:481-486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  132. The evolution of pathogen-host interactions mediated by bacteriophages. Ai, Y.-C., Meng, F., Zeng, Y. (2000). Acta Microbiologica Sinica 40:657-661. [no abstract]

  133. Phage resistance in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis strains isolated from traditional fermented milk products in Turkey. Akcelik, M., Sanlibaba, P., Tükel, C. (2000). International Journal of Food Science & Technology 35:473-481. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  134. Serotype-converting bacteriophages and O-antigen modification in Shigella flexneri. Allison, G.E., Verma, N.K. (2000). Trends in Microbiology 8:17-23. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  135. Inactivation of MS-2 phage and poliovirus in groundwater. Alvarez, M.E., Aguilar, M., Fountain, A., Gonzalez, N., Rascon, O., Saenz, D. (2000). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 46:159-165. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  136. Going through phages. Anonymous (2000). Science 290:227 [no abstract]

  137. SNDV, a novel virus of the extremely thermophilic and acidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus. Arnold, H.P., Ziese, U., Zillig, W. (2000). Virology 272:409-416. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  138. Seasonal population dynamics and interactions of competing bacteriophages and their host in the rhizosphere. Ashelford, K.E., Norris, S.J., Fry, J.C., Bailey, M.J., Day, M.J. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:4193-4199. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  139. Experimental design optimization of filamentous phage transfection into mammalian cells by cationic lipids. Aujame, L., Seguin, D., Droy, C., Hessler, C. (2000). BioTechniques 28:1202-1213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  140. The presence of viruses and bacteria along the Adriatic Coast. Aulicino, F.A., Ammazzalorso, P., Ercolessi, M., Banini, L., Silverii, G., Orsini, P., Mastrantonio, A., Bellucci, C., Carere, M. (2000). Igiene Moderna 113:99-116. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  141. Microbiological quality of the Catania coastal sea water. Aulicino, F.A., Mauro, L., Marranzano, M., Biondi, M., Ursino, A., Carere, M. (2000). Annali di Igiene 12:533-541. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  142. Application of wild starter cultures for flavour development in pilot plant cheese making. Ayad, E.H.E., Verheul, A., Wouters, J.T.M., Smit, G. (2000). International Dairy Journal 10:169-179. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  143. A proposal for the reclassification of Bdellovibrio stolpii and Bdellovibrio starrii into a new genus, Bacteriovorax gen. nov. as Bacteriovorax stolpii comb. nov. and Bacteriovorax starrii comb. nov., respectively. Baer, M.L., Ravel, J., Chun, J., Hill, R.T., Williams, H.N. (2000). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50 Pt 1:219-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  144. Light scattering by viral suspensions. Balch, W.M., Vaughn, J., Novotny, J., Drapeau, D.T., Vaillancourt, R., Lapierre, J., Ashe, A. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:492-498. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  145. Evolution of life's fringes. Balter, M. (2000). Science 289:1866-1867. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  146. A bacteriophage-like particle from Bartonella bacilliformis. Barbian, K.D., Minnick, M.F. (2000). Microbiology 146 ( Pt 3):599-609. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  147. A shared strategy for virulence. Barinaga, M. (2000). Science 272:1261-1263. [no abstract]

  148. Diversity in the arrangement of the CTX prophages in classical strains of Vibrio cholerae O1. Basu, A., Mukhopadhyay, A.K., Garg, P., Chakraborty, S., Ramamurthy, T., Yamasaki, S., Takeda, Y., Nair, G.B. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 182:35-40. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  149. 'Deja vu all over again': the similar structures of bacteriophage PRD1 and adenovirus. Belnap, D.M., Steven, A.C. (2000). Trends in Microbiology 8:91-93. [no abstract]

  150. The complete cDNA sequence of a type II Trichomonas vaginalis virus. Bessarab, I.N., Liu, H.W., Ip, C.F., Tai, J.H. (2000). Virology 267:350-359. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  151. A comparison of methods for counting viruses in aquatic systems. Bettarel, Y., Sime-Ngando, T., Amblard, C., Laveran, H. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2283-2289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  152. Thermal and chemical inactivation of indigenous Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages isolated from Argentinian dairy plants. Binetti, A.G., Reinheimer, J.A. (2000). Journal of Food Protection 63:509-515. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  153. Characterization of mesophilic mixed starter cultures used for the manufacture of aged cheddar cheese. Bissonnette, F., Labrie, S., Deveau, H., Lamoureux, M., Moineau, S. (2000). Journal of Dairy Science 83:620-627. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  154. Low-frequency transduction of imipenem resistance and high-frequency transduction of ceftazidime and aztreonam resistance by the bacteriophage AP-151 isolated from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain. Blahova, J., Kralikova, K., Krcmery, V., Sr., Jezek, P. (2000). JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY 12:482-486. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  155. The relative importance of competition and predation varies with productivity in a model community. Bohannan, B.J.M., Lenski, R.E. (2000). Am. Nat. 156:329-340. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  156. Linking genetic change to community evolution: insights from studies of bacteria and bacteriophage. Bohannan, B.J.M., Lenski, R.E. (2000). Ecological Letters 3:362-377. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  157. Integrated management of bacterial leaf spot of mungbean with bacteriophages of Xav and chemicals. Borah, P.K., Jindal, J.K., Verma, J.P. (2000). Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 30:19-21.

  158. Pressure cycling technology: a novel approach to virus inactivation in plasma. Bradley, D.W., Hess, R.A., Tao, F., Sciaba-Lentz, L., Remaley, A.T., Laugharn, J.J., Manak, M. (2000). Transfusion 40:193-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  159. Viruses of fungi and protozoans: Is everyone sick? Bruenn, J.A. (2000). p. 297-317. In C.J. Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[no abstract]

  160. Flow cytometric detection of viruses. Brussaard, C.P.D., Marie, D., Bratbak, G. (2000). Journal of Virological Methods 85:175-182. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  161. Big-benefit mutations in a bacteriophage inhibited with heat. Bull, J.J., Badgett, M.R., Wichman, H.A. (2000). Molecular Biology and Evolution 17:942-950. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  162. Evolvability of an RNA virus is determined by its mutational neighbourhood. Burch, C.L., Chao, L. (2000). Nature 406:625-628. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  163. Selective accumulation may account for shellfish-associated viral illness. Burkhardt, W., Calci, K.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1375-1378. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  164. Inactivation of indicator microorganisms in estuarine waters. Burkhardt, W., III, Calci, K.R., Watkins, W.D., Rippey, S.R., Chirtel, S.J. (2000). Water Res. 34:2207-2214. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  165. Mathematical analysis of growth and interaction dynamics of streptomycetes and a bacteriophage in soil. Burroughs, N.J., Marsh, P., Wellington, E.M.H. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:3868-3877. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  166. Large-plaque mutants of Sindbis virus show reduced binding to heparan sulfate, heightened viremia, and slower clearance from the circulation. Byrnes, A.P., Griess, G.A. (2000). J. Virol. 74:644-651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  167. Effect of five dietary antimutagens on the genotoxicity of six mutagens in the microscreen prophage-induction assay. Cabrera, G. (2000). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 36:206-220. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  168. Lateral gene transfer in prokaryotes. Campbell, A.M. (2000). Theor. Pop. Biol. 57:71-77. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  169. Helicobacter pylori-antigen-binding fragments expressed on the filamentous M13 phage prevent bacterial growth. Cao, J., Sun, Y., Berglindh, T., Mellgard, B., Li, Z., Mardh, B., Mardh, S. (2000). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1474:107-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  170. Transport and retention of bacteriophages in two types of willow-cropped lysimeters. Carlander, A., Aronsson, P., Allestam, G., Stenstrom, T.A., Perttu, K. (2000). Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic-Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering A35:1477-1492. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  171. Development and evaluation of a phage typing scheme for Vibrio cholerae O139. Chakrabarti, A.K., Ghosh, A.N., Nair, G.B., Niyogi, S.K., Bhattacharya, S.K., Sarkar, B.L. (2000). Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38:44-49. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  172. Genome organization and the evolution of the virulence gene locus in Listeria species. Chakraborty, T., Hain, T., Domann, E. (2000). IJMM International Journal of Medical Microbiology 290:167-174. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  173. Emmental cheese: A complex microbial ecosystem. Consequences on selection and use of starters. Chamba, J.F. (2000). Sciences des Aliments 20:37-54. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  174. Evolution of virulence in parasites: making hard and soft choices. Chao, L., Hanley, K.A., Burch, C.L., Dahlberg, C., Turner, P.E. (2000). Q. Rev. Biol. 75:261-275. [no abstract]

  175. A high yielding mutant of mycobacteriophage L1 and its application as a diagnostic tool. Chatterjee, S., Mitra, M., Das, G.S. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 188:47-53. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  176. Forces dictating colloidal interactions between viruses and soil. Chattopadhyay, D., Puls, R.W. (2000). Chemosphere 41:1279-1286. [no abstract]

  177. Isolation of a virulent bacteriophage from a Propionibacterium species in the sheep rumen. Cheong, J.P.E., Brooker, J.D. (2000). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 51:119-123. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  178. Transfer of conjugative plasmids and bacteriophage lambda occurs in the presence of antibiotics that prevent de novo gene expression. Cooper, T.F., Heinemann, J.A. (2000). Plasmid ???:???-??? [no abstract]

  179. Evolutionary Reversals During Viral Adaptation to Alternating Hosts. Crill, W.D., Wichman, H.A., Bull, J.J. (2000). Genetics 154:27-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  180. Determination of enteroviruses, hepatitis A virus, bacteriophages and Escherichia coli in Adriatic Sea mussels. Croci, L., De, M.D., Scalfaro, C., Fiore, A., Divizia, M., Donia, D., Cosentino, A.M., Moretti, P., Costantini, G. (2000). Journal of Applied Microbiology 88:293-298. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  181. Development of a genetically modified bacteriophage for use in tracing sources of pollution. Daniell, T.J., Davy, M.L., Smith, R.J. (2000). Journal of Applied Microbiology 88:860-869. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  182. CTX prophages in classical biotype Vibrio cholerae: functional phage genes but dysfunctional phage genomes. Davis, B.M., Moyer, K.E., Boyd, E.F., Waldor, M.K. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6992-6998. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  183. Convergence of the secretory pathways for cholera toxin and the filamentous phage, CTXphi. Davis, B.M., Lawson, E.H., Sandkvist, M., Ali, A., Sozhamannan, S., Waldor, M.K. (2000). Science 288:333-335. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  184. Effect of deleterious mutation-accumulation on the fitness of RNA bacteriophage MS2. de la Pena, M., Elena, S.F., Moya, A. (2000). Evolution 54:686-691. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  185. An introduction to the evolutionary ecology of viruses. DeFilippis, V.R., Villarreal, L.P. (2000). p. 125-208. In C.J. Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[no abstract]

  186. Comparative genomics of the late gene cluster from Lactobacillus phages. Desiere, F., Pridmore, R.D., Brossow, H. (2000). Virology 275:294-305. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  187. Present and potential applications of genetic engineering in agronomy and agro-food. Desmazeaud, M. (2000). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 86:97-102. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  188. Pathogenicity islands and phage conversion: Evolutionary aspects of bacterial pathogenesis. Dobrindt, U., Reidl, J. (2000). IJMM International Journal of Medical Microbiology 290:519-527. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  189. [Water quality control of 2 swimming pools in Rome. Evaluation of the bacteriophage parameter]. Donia, D., Divizia, M., della, S.M., Pana, A. (2000). Annali di Igiene 12:35-39. [no abstract]

  190. Evaluation of F-specific RNA bacteriophage as a candidate human enteric virus indicator for bivalve molluscan shellfish. Dore, W.J., Henshilwood, K., Lees, D.N. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1280-1285. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  191. Genomic relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus phages of the International Typing Set and detection of serogroup A, B, and F prophages in lysogenic strains. Doskar, J., Pallova, P., Pant, c., Rosypal, S., R, z., Pant, c., Kailerova, J., Kleparnik, K., Mala, Z., Bocek, P. (2000). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 46:1066-1076. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  192. Genetic analysis of chromosomal regions of Lactococcus lactis acquired by recombinant lytic phages. Durmaz, E., Klaenhammer, T.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:895-903. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  193. Bacteriophages of spirochetes. Eggers, C.H., Casjens, S., Hayes, S.F., Garon, C.F., Damman, C.J., Oliver, D.B., Samuels, D.S. (2000). J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2:365-373. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  194. Characterization of a Phage Resistance Plasmid, pLKS, of Silage-Making Lactobacillus plantarum NGRI0101. Eguchi, T., Doi, K., Nishiyama, K., Ohmomo, S., Ogata, S. (2000). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 64:751-756. [no abstract]

  195. The two faces of mutation: Extinction and adaptation in RNA viruses. Elena, S.F., Miralles, R., Cuevas, J.M., Turner, P.E., Moya, A. (2000). IUBMB Life 49:5-9. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  196. Toward antiviral strategies that resist viral escape. Endy, D., Yin, J. (2000). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 44:1097-1099. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  197. Computation, prediction, and experimental tests of fitness for bacteriophage T7 mutants with permuted genomes. Endy, D., You, L., Yin, J., Molineux, I.J. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:5375-5380. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  198. Sunlight-Induced Propagation of the Lysogenic Phage Encoding Cholera Toxin. Faruque, S.M., Rahman, A.M.M., Waldor, M.K., Sack, D.A. (2000). Infect. Immun. 68:4795-4801. [no abstract]

  199. Control of bacterial spot on tomato in the greenhouse and field with h-mutant bacteriophages. Flaherty, J.E., Jones, J.B., Harbaugh, B.K., Somodi, G.C., Jackson, L.E. (2000). Hortscience 35:882-884. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  200. Elimination of enteroviruses, other enteric viruses, F-specific coliphages, somatic coliphages and E. coli in four sewage treatment plants of southern Germany. Fleischer, J., Schlafmann, K., Otchwemah, R., Botzenhart, K. (2000). Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology - AQUA 49:127-138. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  201. Evaluation of CD4+ T cell function In vivo in HIV-infected patients as measured by bacteriophage phiX174 immunization. Fogelman, I., Davey, V., Ochs, H.D., Elashoff, M., Feinberg, M.B., Mican, J., Siegel, J.P., Sneller, M., Lane (2000). J. Infect. Dis. 182:435-441. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  202. Widespread distribution of a group I intron and its three deletion derivatives in the lysin gene of Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages. Foley, S., Bruttin, A., Brussow, H. (2000). J. Virol. 74:611-618. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  203. Occurrence and distribution of microbiological indicators in groundwater and stream water. Francy, D.S., Helsel, D.R., Nally, R.A. (2000). Water Environment Research 72:152-161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  204. Titration of infective and noninfective Ff filamentous bacteriophages using a monoclonal antibody against g3p. Frisch, C., Knappik, A., Choidas, M., Tesar, M. (2000). BioTechniques 29:26-8, 30. [no abstract]

  205. Effect of host bacteria genotype on spontaneous reversions of Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage PHI29 sus17 nonsense codon. Fucik, V., Beran, J., Krasny, L., Jonak, J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 183:143-146. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  206. Horizontal gene transfer in bacterial and archaeal complete genomes. Garcia-Vallve, S., Romeu, A., Palau, J. (2000). Genome Research 10:1719-1725. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  207. Sensitivity of microorganisms to different wavelengths of UV light: Implications on modeling of medium pressure UV systems. Giese, N., Darby, J. (2000). Water Res. 34:4007-4013. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  208. Phage-displayed peptides as biosensor reagents. Goldman, E.R., Pazirandeh, M.P., Mauro, J.M., King, K.D., Frey, J.C., Anderson, G.P. (2000). Journal of Molecular Recognition 13:382-387. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  209. Bacterial indicator occurrence and the use of an F+ specific RNA coliphage assay to identify fecal sources in Homosassa Springs, Florida. Griffin, D.W., Stokes, R., Rose, J.B., Paul, J.H., III (2000). Microb. Ecol. 39:56-64. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  210. Characterization of natural isolates of Lactobacillus strains to be used as starter cultures in dairy fermentation. Hebert, E.M., Raya, R.R., Tailliez, P., de, G.G. (2000). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 59:19-27. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  211. The origins and ongoing evolution of viruses. Hendrix, R.W., Lawrence, J.G., Hatfull, G.F., Casjens, S. (2000). Trends in Microbiology 8:504-508. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  212. Intramuscular immunization with genetically inactivated (ghosts) Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 9 protects pigs against homologous aerosol challenge and prevents carrier state. Hensel, A., Huter, V., Katinger, A., Raza, P., Strnistschie, C., Roesler, U., Brand, E., Lubitz, W. (2000). Vaccine 18:2945-2955. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  213. Characterization of PHI8, a bacteriophage containing three double-stranded RNA genomic segments and distantly related to PHI6. Hoogstraten, D., Qiao, X., Sun, Y., Hu, A., Onodera, S., Mindich, L. (2000). Virology 272:218-224. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  214. Phage infection of the obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia psittaci strain Guinea Pig Inclusion Conjunctivitis. Hsia, R.C., Ohayon, H., Gounon, P., Dautry-Varsat, A., Bavoil, P.M. (2000). Microbes and Infection 2:761-772. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  215. Microvirus of Chlamydia psittaci strain Guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis: Isolation and molecular characterization. Hsia, R.C., Ting, L.M., Bavoil, P.M. (2000). Microbiology (Reading) 146:1651-1660.

  216. Control of the eel (Anguilla japonica) pathogens, Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda, by bacteriophages. Hsu, C.H., Lo, C.Y., Liu, J.K., Lin, C.S. (2000). Journal of the Fisheries Society of Taiwan 27:21-31. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  217. Characterization of Streptococcus thermophilus strains that undergo lysis under unfavourable environmental conditions. Husson-Kao, C., Mengaud, J., Gripon, J.C., Benbadis, L., Chapot-Chartier, M.P. (2000). Int. J. Food Microbiol. 55:209-213. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  218. The Streptococcus thermophilus autolytic phenotype results from a leaky prophage. Husson-Kao, C., Mengaud, J., Cesselin, B., van, S.D., Benbadis, L., Chapot-Chartier, M.P. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:558-565. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  219. Protocol for the manufacture of miniature washed-curd cheeses under controlled microbiological conditions. Hynes, E., Ogier, J.C., Delacroix-Buchet, A. (2000). International Dairy Journal 10:733-737. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  220. Inducible stx2 phages are lysogenized in the enteroaggregative and other phenotypic Escherichia coli O86:HNM isolated from patients. Iyoda, S., Tamura, K., Itoh, K., Izumiya, H., Ueno, N., Nagata, K., Togo, M., Terajima, J., Watanabe, H. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 191:7-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  221. Ultraviolet radiation effects on bacterioplankton and viruses in marine ecosystems. Jeffrey, W.H., Kase, J.P., Wilhelm, S.W. (2000). p. 206-236. In S.J. De Mora and et al. (eds.), (eds) Effects Of UV Radiation On Marine Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.[no abstract]

  222. Virus removal and transport in saturated and unsaturated sand columns. Jin, Y., Chu, Y., Li, Y. (2000). Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 43:111-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  223. The microbial genetics of antibiotic cycling. John, J.F.J., Rice, L.B. (2000). INFECTION CONTROL AND HOSPITAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 21:S22-S31 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  224. Structures of virus and virus-like particles. Johnson, J.E., Chiu, W. (2000). Current Opinion in Structural Biology 10:229-235. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  225. Bacteriophage infections in the industrial acetone butanol (AB) fermentation process. Jones, D.T., Shirley, M., Wu, X., Keis, S. (2000). J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2:21-26. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  226. Isolation of coliphages specific to enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Jothikumar, N., Reddy, C.G., Sundari, R.B., Saigopal, D.V. (2000). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2:372-374. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  227. Genomic sequences of bacteriophages HK97 and HK022: Pervasive genetic mosaicism in the lambdoid bacteriophages. Juhala, R.J., Ford, M.E., Duda, R.L., Youlton, A., Hatfull, G.F., Hendrix, R.W. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 299:27-51.

  228. Influence of infected cell growth state on bacteriophage reactivation levels. Kadavy, D.R., Shaffer, J.J., Lott, S.E., Wolf, T.A., Bolton, C.E., Gallimore, W.H., Martin, E.L., Nickerson, K.W., Kokjohn, T.A. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:5206-5212. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  229. Photocatalytic inactivation of Lactobacillus PL-1 phages by a thin film of titania. Kakita, Y., Obuchi, E., Nakano, K., Murata, K., Kuroiwa, A., Miake, F., Watanabe, K. (2000). Biocontrol Science 5:73-79. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  230. Mating in Bacillus thuringiensis can induce plasmid integrative prophage J7W-1. Kanda, K., Takada, Y., Kawasaki, F., Kato, F., Murata, A. (2000). Acta Virol. 44:189-193. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  231. Temperature influences induction of a J7W-1-related phage in Bacillus thuringiensis serovar indiana. Kanda, K., Kayashima, T., Kato, F., Murata, A. (2000). Acta Virol. 44:183-187. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  232. [A method for detection of coliphages in the drinking water]. Kashkarova, G.P., Dorodnikov, A.I. (2000). Gigiena i Sanitariia 66-68. [no abstract]

  233. Rapid titration of multiple samples of filamentous bacteriophage (M13) on nitrocellulose filters. Koch, J., Breitling, F., Duebel, S. (2000). BioTechniques 29:1196-1202. [no abstract]

  234. [Effect of chitosan derivatives on the reproduction of Coliphages T2 and T7]. Kochkina, Z.M., Chirkov, S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:257-260. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  235. [Effect of chitosan derivatives on the development of phage infection in cultured Bacillus thuringiensis]. Kochkina, Z.M., Chirkov, S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:266-269. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  236. Inactivation of coliphages by chitosan derivatives. Kochkina, Z.M., Surgucheva, N.A., Chirkov, S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiya 69:261-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  237. [Coliphages inactivation using chitosan derivatives]. Kochkina, Z.M., Surgucheva, N.A., Chirkov, S.N. (2000). Mikrobiologiia 69:261-265. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  238. Antibacterials that are used as growth promoters in animal husbandry can affect the release of Shiga-toxin-2-converting bacteriophages and Shiga toxin 2 from Escherichia coli strains. Kohler, B., Karch, H., Schmidt, H. (2000). Microbiology 146:1085-1090. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  239. Impact of acid on survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage. Koo, J., Depaola, A., Marshall, D.L. (2000). Journal of Food Protection 63:1049-1052. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  240. Effect of simulated gastric fluid and bile on survival of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio vulnificus phage. Koo, J., Depaola, A., Marshall, D.L. (2000). Journal of Food Protection 63:1665-1669. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  241. Sequence of the genome of the temperate, serotype-converting, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage D3. Kropinski, A.M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6066-6074. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  242. Morphology of bacteriophages of E. Hammarström's set for typing Shigella sonnei. Krzywy, T., Kucharewicz-Krukowska, A., Slopek, S. (2000). Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz) 20:73-83. [no abstract]

  243. Vibrio cholerae O139 bacteriophages. Kudryakova, T.A., Makedonova, L.D., Kachkia, G.V., Sayamov, S.R. (2000). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 28-30. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  244. Target genes for virulence assessment of Escherichia coli isolates from water, food and the environment. Kuhnert, P., Boerlin, P., Frey, J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 24:107-117. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  245. High-frequency interconversion of turbid and clear plaque strains of bacteriophage f1 and associated host cell death. Kuo, M.Y., Yang, M.K., Chen, W.P., Kuo, T.T. (2000). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 46:841-847. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  246. Multiplex PCR for detection and identification of lactococcal bacteriophages. Labrie, S., Moineau, S. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:987-994. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  247. Genetic analysis of a bacterial genetic exchange element: the gene transfer agent of Rhodobacter capsulatus. Lang, A.S., Beatty, J.T. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:859-864. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  248. [Variants of Yersinia pestis resistant to a diagnostic bacteriophage and the problems related to them]. Lebedeva, S.A. (2000). Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 99-104. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  249. Bacteriophages as indicators of enteric viruses and public health risk in groundwaters. Leclerc, H., Edberg, S., Pierzo, V., Delattre, J.M. (2000). Journal of Applied Microbiology 88:5-21. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  250. Forced retroevolution of an RNA bacteriophage. Licis, N., Balklava, Z., Van, D.J. (2000). Virology 271:298-306. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  251. Molecular characterization of a bacteriophage (Chp2) from Chlamydia psittaci. Liu, B.L., Everson, J.S., Fane, B., Giannikopoulou, P., Vretou, E., Lambden, P.R., Clarke, I.N. (2000). J. Virol. 74:3464-3469. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  252. Complete nucleotide sequence, molecular analysis and genome structure of Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage A118: implications for phage evolution. Loessner, M.J., Inman, R.B., Lauer, P., Calendar, R. (2000). Molecular Microbiology 35:324-340? [no abstract]

  253. Rapid in vivo evolution of a beta-lactamase using phagemids. Long-McGie, J., Liu, A.D., Schellenberger, V. (2000). Biotechnology and Bioengineering 68:121-125. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  254. Broad-range bacteriophage resistance in Streptococcus thermophilus by insertional mutagenesis. Lucchini, S., Sidoti, J., Brussow, H. (2000). Virology 275:267-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  255. Influence of salts on virus adsorption to microporous filters. Lukasik, J., Scott, T.M., Andryshak, D., Farrah, S.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2914-2920. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  256. The life cycles of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophage phiLC3 monitored by a quantitative PCR method. Lunde, M., Blatny, J.M., Kaper, F., Nes, I.F., Lillehaug, D. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 192:119-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  257. Biological significance of lysogenic conversion. Masuda, S. (2000). Jikeikai Medical Journal 47:129-130. [no abstract]

  258. Distribution and evolution of bacteriophage WO in Wolbachia, the endosymbiont causing sexual alterations in arthropods. Masui, S., Kamoda, S., Sasaki, T., Ishikawa, H. (2000). J. Mol. Evol. 51:491-497. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  259. Characterization of a novel Vibrio parahaemolyticus phage, KVP241, and its relatives frequently isolated from seawater. Matsuzaki, S., Inoue, T., Tanaka, S., Koga, T., Kuroda, M., Kimura, S., Imai, S. (2000). Microbiology and Immunology 44:953-956. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  260. Bacterial growth rate and marine virus–host dynamics. Middelboe, M. (2000). Microb. Ecol. 40:114-124. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  261. Diminishing returns of population size in the rate of RNA virus adaptation. Miralles, R., Moya, A., Elena, S.F. (2000). J. Virol. 74:3566-3571. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  262. Properties of natural interspecific hybrids of transposable phages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: specific characteristics of phage PL24 transposition. Mit'kina, L.N., Krylov, V.N. (2000). Genetika 36:1330-1339. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  263. Conversion of Vibrio eltor MAK757 to classical biotype: role of phage PS166. Mitra, S.N., Mukhopadhyay, R., Ghosh, A.N., Ghosh, R.K. (2000). Virology 273:36-43. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  264. Multiple independent horizontal transfers of informational genes from bacteria to plasmids and phages: implications for the origin of bacterial replication machinery. Moreira, D. (2000). Molecular Microbiology 35:1-5. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  265. Evolution of microbial pathogens. Morschhaeuser, J., Koehler, G., Ziebuhr, W., Blum-Oehler, G., Dobrindt, U., Hacker, J. (2000). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 355:695-704. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  266. Characterization of the DNA replication module of bacteriophage A2 and use of its origin of replication as a defense against infection during milk fermentation by Lactobacillus casei. Moscoso, M., Suarez, J.E. (2000). Virology 273:101-111. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  267. The evolution of RNA viruses: A population genetics view. Moya, A., Elena, S.F., Bracho, A., Miralles, R., Barrio, E. (2000). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:6967-6973. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  268. Viral contamination of shellfish: Evaluation of methods and analysis of bacteriophages and human viruses. Muniain-Mujika, I., Girones, R., Lucena, F. (2000). Journal of Virological Methods 89:109-118. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  269. Characterization of a shiga toxin 2e-converting bacteriophage from an Escherichia coli strain of human origin. Muniesa, M., Recktenwald, J., Bielaszewska, M., Karch, H., Schmidt, H. (2000). Infect. Immun. 68:4850-4855. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  270. Occurrence of phages infecting Escherichia coli O157:H7 carrying the Stx 2 gene in sewage from different countries. Muniesa, M., Jofre, J. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 183:197-200. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  271. Molecular characterization and allelic distribution of the phage-mediated hyaluronidase genes hylP and hylP2 among Group A streptococci from western Norway. Mylvaganam, H., Bjorvatn, B., Hofstad, T., Osland, A. (2000). Microbial Pathogenesis 29:145-153. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  272. The R-type pyocin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is related to P2 phage, and the F-type is related to lambda phage. Nakayama, K., Takashima, K., Ishihara, H., Shinomiya, T., Kageyama, M., Kanaya, S., Ohnishi, M., Murata, T., Mori, H., Hayashi, T. (2000). Molecular Microbiology 38:213-231. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  273. Microbiological survey of shellfish. Nanni, H., Bronzetti, L., Fabio, G., Pupillo, M., Quaglio, P. (2000). Igiene Moderna 114:113-127. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  274. A Filamentous Phage Associated with Recent Pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 Strains. Nasu, H., Iida, T., Sugahara, T., Yamaichi, Y., Park, K.-S., Yokoyama, K., Makino, K., Shinagawa, H., Honda, T. (2000). Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38:2156-2161. [no abstract]

  275. Phytoremediation of domestic wastewater for reducing populations of Escherichia coli and MS-2 coliphage. Neralla, S., Weaver, R.W. (2000). Environmental Technology 21:691-698. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  276. Prokaryotic gene therapy to combat multidrug resistant bacterial infection [editorial]. Norris, J.S., Westwater, C., Schofield, D. (2000). Gene Therapy 7:723-725. [no abstract]

  277. Investigation of the relationship between lysogeny and lysis of Lactococcus lactis in cheese using prophage-targeted PCR. O'Sullivan, D., Ross, R.P., Fitzgerald, G.F., Coffey, A. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2192-2198. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  278. A new bacteriophage, VHML, isolated from a toxin-producing strain of Vibrio harveyi in tropical Australia. Oakey, H.J., Owens, L. (2000). Journal of Applied Microbiology 89:702-709. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  279. Independent contrasts succeed where ancestor reconstruction fails in a known bacteriophage phylogeny. Oakley, T.H., Cunningham, C.W. (2000). Evolution Int J Org Evolution 54:397-405. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  280. Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Ochman, H., Lawrence, J.G., Groisman, E.A. (2000). Nature 405:299-304. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  281. Protection against bacteriophage contamination in industrial fermentation processes: Investigation and applications of phage resistance mechanisms in bacteria. Ogata, S., Eguchi, T., Doi, K. (2000). Virus (Nagoya) 50:17-26. [no abstract]

  282. Identification of virus-specific vesicles in Giardiavirus-infected Giardia lamblia. Ong, S.J., Tai, J.H. (2000). Chung-Hua Min Kuo Wei Sheng Wu Chi Mien I Hsueh Tsa Chih Chinese 33:9-13. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  283. Genotypic variations of Shiga toxin-converting phages from enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: H7 isolates. Osawa, R., Wada, A., Iyoda, S., Nakayama, S.I., Yamai, S., Watanabe, H. (2000). J. Med. Microbiol. 49:565-574. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  284. A Stalinist Antibiotic Alternative. Osborne, L. (2000). New York Times Magazine (Sunday, February 6), ???-??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  285. Bacteriophage phiYeO3-12, specific for Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3, is related to coliphages T3 and T7. Pajunen, M., Kiljunen, S., Skurnik, M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:5114-5120. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  286. Isolation of bacteriophages specific to a fish pathogen, Pseudomonas plecoglossicida, as a candidate for disease control. Park, S.C., Shimamura, I., Fukunaga, M., Mori, K.I., Nakai, T. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1416-1422. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  287. Analysis of two-stage continuous operation of Escherichia coli containing bacteriophage lambda vector. Park, S.H., Park, T.H. (2000). Bioprocess Engineering 23:557-563. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  288. Ecology of bacteriophages in nature. Paul, J.H., Kellogg, C.A. (2000). p. 211-246. In C.J. Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.[no abstract]

  289. Rapid movement of wastewater from on-site disposal systems into surface waters in the Lower Florida Keys. Paul, J.H., McLaughlin, M.R., Griffin, D.W., Lipp, E.K., Stokes, R., Rose, J.B. (2000). Estuaries 23:662-668. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  290. Induction of vaginal Lactobacillus phages by the cigarette smoke chemical benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide. Pavlova, S.I., Tao, L. (2000). Mutation Research 466:57-62. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  291. Phage therapy: The peculiar kinetics of self-replicating pharmaceuticals. Payne, R.J.H., Phil, D., Jansen, V.A.A. (2000). Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 68:225-230. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  292. Bacterial plasmids: Parasitic organisms? Permaul, K., Pillay, B., Pillay, D. (2000). South African Journal of Science 96:555-556. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  293. Efficacy of four conjugal lactococcal phage resistance plasmids against phage in commercial Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris cheese starter strains. Pillidge, C.J., Collins, L.J., Ward, L.J.H., Cantillon, B.M., Shaw, B.D., Timmins, M.J., Heap, H.A., Polzin, K.M. (2000). International Dairy Journal 10:617-625. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  294. Phage therapy—advantages over antibiotics? Pirisi, A. (2000). Lancet 356:1418 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  295. Comparative study of temperate bacteriophages isolated from Yersinia. Popp, A., Hertwig, S., Lurz, R., Appel, B. (2000). Systematic and Applied Microbiology 23:469-478. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  296. Selection of tumor-specific internalizing human antibodies from phage libraries. Poul, M.A., Becerril, B., Nielsen, U.B., Morisson, P., Marks, J.D. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 301:1149-1161. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  297. Epidemiologic Subtyping of Escherichia coli Serogroup O157 Strains Isolated in Ontario by Phage Typing and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis. Preston, M.A., Johnson, W., Khakhria, R., Borczyk, A. (2000). Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38:2366-2368. [no abstract]

  298. Detection of phages infecting Bacteroides fragilis HSP40 using a specific DNA probe. Puig, M., Jofre, J., Girones, R. (2000). Journal of Virological Methods 88:163-173. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  299. Occurrence of coliphages in fish and aquaculture farms. Rao, B.M., Surendran, P.K. (2000). Fishery Technology 37:146-149. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  300. Genomic sequence and analysis of the atypical temperate bacteriophage N15. Ravin, V., Ravin, N., Casjens, S., Ford, M.E., Hatfull, G.F., Hendrix, R.W. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 299:53-73.

  301. Comparative analysis of Chlamydia bacteriophages reveals variation localized to a putative receptor binding domain. Read, T.D., Fraser, C.M., Hsia, R.C., Bavoil, P.M. (2000). Microbial and Comparative Genomics 5:223-231.

  302. Transmission of viruses via contact in a household setting: Experiments using bacteriophage phiX174 as a model virus. Rheinbaben, F., Schuenemann, S., Gross, T., Wolff, M.H. (2000). Journal of Hospital Infection 46:61-66. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  303. Screening environmental samples for source-specific bacteriophage hosts using a method for the simultaneous pouring of 12 petri plates. Ricca, D.M., Cooney, J.J. (2000). Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. 24:124-126.

  304. The passage and propagation of fecal indicator phages in birds. Ricca, D.M., Cooney, J.J. (2000). Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. 24:127-131.

  305. Bacterial monopolists: the bundling and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes in gram-positive bacteria. Rice, L.B. (2000). Clinical Infectious Diseases 31:762-769. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  306. Dynamics of bacterial community composition and activity during mesocosm diatom blooms. Riemann, L., Steward, G.F., Azam, F. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:578-587. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  307. Temporal variability of viruses, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton in the western English Channel off Plymouth. Rodriguez, F., Frenandez, E., Head, R.N., Harbour, D.S., Bratbak, G., Heldal, M., Harris, R.P. (2000). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80:575-586. [no abstract]

  308. The complete genomic sequence of the marine phage Roseophage SIO1 shares homology with nonmarine phages. Rohwer, F., Segall, A., Steward, G., Seguritan, V., Breitbart, M., Wolven, F., Azam, F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:408-418. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  309. Progressive specific immune attrition after primary, secondary and tertiary immunizations with bacteriophage PHI X174 in asymptomatic HIV-1 infected patients. Rubinstein, A., Mizrachi, Y., Bernstein, L., Shliozberg, J., Golodner, M., Liu, G.Q., Ochs, H.D. (2000). AIDS (Hagerstown). 14:F55-F62 [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  310. Removal efficiencies of indicator micro-organisms in the Al-Khobar wastewater treatment plant. Saleem, M., Bukhari, A.A., Al-Malack, M.H. (2000). Environmental Engineering Science 17:227-232. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  311. Comparison of methods for detecting genotypes of F-specific RNA bacteriophages and fingerprinting the origin of faecal pollution in water samples. Schaper, M., Jofre, J. (2000). Journal of Virological Methods 89:1-10. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  312. Removal of microorganisms by deep well injection. Schijven, J.F., Medema, G., Vogelaar, A.J., Hassanizadeh, S.M. (2000). Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 44:301-327. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  313. Food and water contamination by human pathogenic viruses. Scipioni, A., Daube, G., Thiry, E. (2000). Annales de Medecine Veterinaire 144:207-221. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  314. Twenty-three years of Klebsiella phage typing: a review of phage typing of 12 clusters of nosocomial infections, and a comparison of phage typing with K serotyping. Sechter, I., Mestre, F., Hansen, D.S. (2000). Clin Microbiol Infect 6:233-238. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  315. Features of sanitary and hygienic work conditions of operators servicing purification structures of cardboard printing enterprise. Semyonova, V.V., Figurovsky, A.P., Vasilyev, O.D., Zakharov, A.P., Zhigalov, V.A., Shevtchenko, N.N., Goik, V.G. (2000). Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaya Ekologiya 42-44. [no abstract]

  316. [Isolation and comparative study of a group of temperate bacteriophages of rhizospheric pseudomonads Pseudomonas putida]. Shaburova, O.V., Burkal'tseva, M.V., Pleteneva, E.A., Krylov, V.N. (2000). Genetika 36:915-919. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  317. Discovery, purification, and characterization of a temperate transducing bacteriophage for Bordetella avium. Shelton, C.B., Crosslin, D.R., Casey, J.L., Ng, S., Temple, L.M., Orndorff, P.E. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:6130-6136. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  318. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis resolves virus sequences amplified with degenerate primers. Short, S.M., Suttle, C.A. (2000). BioTechniques 28:20 [no abstract]

  319. The genome sequence of the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa. Simpson, A.J.G., Reinach, F.C., Arruda, P., Abreu, F.A., Acencio, M., Alvarenga, R., Alves, L.M.C., Araya, J.E., Baia, G.S., Baptista, C.S., Barros, M.H., Bonaccorsi, E.D., Bordin, S., Bove, J.M., Briones, M.R.S., Bueno, M.R.P., Camargo, A.A., Camargo, L.E.A., Carraro, D.M., Carrer, H., Colauto, N.B., Colombo, C., Costa, F.F., Costa, M.C.R., Costa-Neto, C.M., Coutinho, L.L., Cristofani, M., Dias-Neto, E., Docena, C., El-Dorry, H., Facincani, A.P., Ferreira, A.J.S., Ferreira, V.C.A., Ferro, J.A., Fraga, J.S., Franca, S.C., Franco, M.C., Frohme, M., Furlan, L.R., Garnier, M., Goldman, G.H., Goldman, M.H.S., Gomes, S.L., Gruber, A., Ho, P.L., Hoheisel, J.D., Junqueira, M.L., Kemper, E.L., Kitajima, J.P., Krieger, J.E., Kuramae, E.E., Laigret, F., Lambais, M.R., Leite, L.C.C., Lemos, E.G.M., Lemos, M.V.F., Lopes, S.A., Lopes, C.R., Machado, J.A., Machado, M.A., Madeira, A.M.B.N., Madeira, H.M.F., Marino, C.L., Marques, M.V., Martins, E.A.L., Martins, E.M.F., Matsukuma, A.Y., Menck, C.F.M., Miracca, E.C., Miyaki, C.Y., Monteiro-Vitorello, C.B., Moon, D.H., Nagai, M.A., Nascimento, A.L.T.O., Netto, L.E.S., Nhani, A., Jr., Nobrega, F.G., Nunes, L.R., Oliveira, M.A., de Oliveira, M.C., de Oliveira, R.C., Palmieri, D.A., Paris, A., Peixoto, B.R., Pereira, G.A.G., Pereira, H.A., Jr., Pesquero, J.B., Quaggio, R.B., Roberto, P.G., Rodrigues, V., de, M.R., de Rosa, V.E., Jr., de Sa, R.G., Santelli, R.V., Sawasaki, H.E., da Silva, A.C.R., da Silva, A.M., da Silva, F.R., Silva, W.A., Jr., da Silveira, J.F. (2000). Nature 406:151-157.

  320. The interactions of peptides with the innate immune system studied with use of T7 phage peptide display [see comments]. Sokoloff, A.V., Bock, I., Zhang, G., Sebestyen, M.G., Wolff, J.A. (2000). Mol Ther 2:131-139. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  321. Identification of four loci isolated from two Streptococcus thermophilus phage genomes responsible for mediating bacteriophage resistance. Stanley, E., Walsh, L., van, d.Z., Fitzgerald, G.F., van, S.D. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 182:271-277. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  322. Tissue-specific gene expression identifies a gene in the lysogenic phage Gifsy-1 that affects Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium survival in Peyer's patches. Stanley, T.L., Ellermeier, C.D., Slauch, J.M. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:4406-4413. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  323. Analysis of marine viral assemblages. Steward, G.F., Azam, F. (2000). p. 159-165. In C.R. Bell, M. Brylinski, and P. Johnson-Green (eds.), (eds) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, ???[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  324. Genome size distributions indicate variability and similarities among marine viral assemblages from diverse environments. Steward, G.F., Montiel, J.L., Azam, F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:1697-1706. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  325. Use of bioluminescent Salmonella for assessing the efficiency of constructed phage-based biosorbent. Sun, W., Brovko, L., Griffiths, M. (2000). Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology 25:273-275. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  326. The ecology, evolutionary and geochemical consequences of viral infection of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae. Suttle, C.A. (2000). p. 248-286. In C.J. Hurst (ed.), (eds) Viral Ecology. Academic Press, New York.[PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  327. Cyanophages and their role in the ecology of cyanobacteria. Suttle, C.A. (2000). p. 563-589. In B.A. Whitton and M. Potts (eds.), (eds) The Ecology of Cyanobacteria: Their Diversity in Time and Space. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.[no abstract]

  328. Elements of a theory for the mechanisms controlling abundance, diversity, and biogeochemical role of lytic bacterial viruses in aquatic systems. Thingstad, T.F. (2000). Limnol. Oceanogr. 45:1320-1328. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  329. Use of the bacteriophage F44 for the search of the Erwinia horticola external suppressors. Tovkach, F.I., Gorb, T.E. (2000). Biopolimery i Kletka 16:64-68. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  330. Cost of host radiation in an RNA virus. Turner, P.E., Elena, S.F. (2000). Genetics 156:1465-1470. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  331. A new Mesorhizobium loti HAMBI 1129 phage isolated from Polish soil. Turska-Szewczuk, A., Russa, R. (2000). Current Microbiology 40:341-343. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  332. Characterization of AbiR, a novel multicomponent abortive infection mechanism encoded by plasmid pKR223 of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis KR2. Twomey, D.P., De, U.P., McKay, L.L., O'Sullivan, D.J. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:2647-2651. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  333. Fate of indigenous bacteriophage in a membrane bioreactor. Ueda, T., Horan, N.J. (2000). Water Res. 34:2151-2159. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  334. Construction of lux bacteriophages and the determination of specific bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivities. Ulitzur, S., Kuhn, J. (2000). Methods in Enzymology 305:543-557. [no abstract]

  335. Targeting of phage display vectors to mammalian cells. Uppala, A., Koivunen, E. (2000). Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening 3:373-392. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  336. Killing of flies in electrocuting insect traps releases bacteria and viruses. Urban, J.E., Broce, A. (2000). Current Microbiology 41:267-270. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  337. Genus Chlorovirus (Phycodnaviridae). Van Etten, J.L. (2000). p. ???-???Anonymous (eds) The Springer Index of Viruses. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.[no abstract]

  338. Clay minerals protect bacteriophage PBS1 of Bacillus subtilis against inactivation and loss of transducing ability by UV radiation. Vettori, C., Gallori, E., Stotzy, G. (2000). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 46:770-773. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  339. Construction of mini-Tn10luxABcam/Ptac-ATS and its use for developing a bacteriophage that transduces bioluminescence to Escherichia coli O157:H7. Waddell, T.E., Poppe, C. (2000). FEMS Microbiol. Let. 182:285-289. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  340. Models of experimental evolution: The role of genetic chance and selective necessity. Wahl, L.M., Krakauer, D.C. (2000). Genetics 156:1437-1448. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  341. An explosive antisense RNA strategy for inhibition of a lactococcal bacteriophage. Walker, S.A., Klaenhammer, T.R. (2000). Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:310-319. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  342. Morphology and general characteristics of phages specific for Astragalus cicer rhizobia. Wdowiak, S., MALEK, W., Gr, adka, M. (2000). Current Microbiology 40:110-113. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  343. Bacteriophage therapy of bacterial infections: An update of our institute's experience. Weber-Dabrowska, B., Mulczyk, M., Gorski, A. (2000). Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 48:547-551. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  344. Effective phage therapy is associated with normalization of cytokine production by blood cell cultures. Weber-Dabrowska, B., Zimecki, M., Mulczyk, M. (2000). Archivum Immunologii et Therapiae Experimentalis 48:31-37. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  345. Design and evolution of artificial M13 coat proteins. Weiss, G.A., Sidhu, S.S. (2000). J. Mol. Biol. 300:213-219. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  346. Experimental evolution recapitulates natural evolution. Wichman, H.A., Scott, L.A., Yarber, C.D., Bull, J.J. (2000). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 355:1677-1684. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  347. Quantification of algal viruses in marine samples. Wilhelm, S.W., Poorvin, L. (2000). Methods in Microbiology 30:???-??? [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  348. Bacterial carbon production in Lake Erie is influenced by viruses and solar radiation. Wilhelm, S.W., Smith, R.E.H. (2000). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:317-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  349. Virioplankton: viruses in aquatic ecosystems. Wommack, K.E., Colwell, R.R. (2000). Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 64:69-114. [no abstract]

  350. Phage conversion of exfoliative toxin A production in Staphylococcus aureus. Yamaguchi, T., Hayashi, T., Takami, H., Nakasone, K., Ohnishi, M., Nakayama, K., Yamada, S., Komatsuzawa, H., Sugai, M. (2000). Molecular Microbiology 38:694-705. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  351. Effect of alcohols on Escherichia coli phages. Yamashita, M., Murahashi, H., Tomita, T., Hirata, A. (2000). Biocontrol Science 5:9-16. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  352. An exfoliative toxin A-converting phage isolated from Staphylococcus aureus strain ZM. Yoshizawa, Y., Sakurada, J., Sakurai, S., Machida, K., Kondo, I., Masuda, S. (2000). Microbiology and Immunology 44:189-191. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  353. Phages will out: strategies of host cell lysis. Young, R., Wang, I.-N., Roof, W.D. (2000). Trends in Microbiology 8:120-128. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  354. Characterization of the distal tail fiber locus and determination of the receptor for phage AR1, which specifically infects Escherichia coli O157:H7. Yu, S.L., Ko, K.L., Chen, C.S., Chang, Y.C., Syu, W.J. (2000). J. Bacteriol. 182:5962-5968. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  355. Interspecies lysogenization in staphylococci: Transfer of enterotoxin a converting bacteriophage from clinical strain of Staphylococcus aureus to Staphylococcus intermedius. Zabicka, D., Mlynarczyk, G., Luczak, M. (2000). Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia 52:317-326. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  356. Antirestriction. Zavilgelsky, G.B. (2000). Molekulyarnaya Biologiya (Moscow) 34:854-862. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  357. Quinolone antibiotics induce Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages, toxin production, and death in mice. Zhang, X., McDaniel, A.D., Wolf, L.E., Keusch, G.T., Waldor, M.K., Acheson, D.W. (2000). J. Infect. Dis. 181:664-670. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

  358. Prophage, phiPV83-pro, carrying panton-valentine leukocidin genes, on the Staphylococcus aureus P83 chromosome: comparative analysis of the genome structures of phiPV83-pro, phiPVL, phi11, and other phages. Zou, D., Kaneko, J., Narita, S., Kamio, Y. (2000). Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 64:2631-2643. [PRESS FOR ABSTRACT]

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