Apiaceae (=Umbelliferae)

"Carrot and Parsley Family"


Daucus carota

Image Source:  C.A.M. Lindman's Flora

Flower Characteristics Representatives
Vegetative Characteristics Images
Other Points of Interest Links

Flower Characteristics
  • flowers in umbels, or more commonly, in compound umbels
  • flowers regular and epigynous
  • perianth of  5 seperate sepals and petals
  • stamens 5
  • pistil with inferior ovary of 2 fused carpels
  • floral formula:apiaceae -schizocarp
  • flowers usually white or yellow 
Vegetative Characteristics
  • biennial or perennial herbs
  • leaves are usually highly dissected and pinnately compound (rarely palmate)
  • petioles usually sheathing the stem
Other Points of Interest
  • a large family of approximately 200 genera and 2900 species worldwide
  • economic value as food (carrot, celery, parsnip, etc.) and for aromatic oils (anise, caraway, dill, etc.)
  • some poisonous (poison hemlock) or weedy (wild carrot)
  •  Celery (Apium)
  •  Poison Hemlock (Conium)
  •  Golden Alexanders (Zizia)
  •  Salt and Pepper, Harbinger of Spring (Erigenia)



Amaryllidaceae Cruciferae Lamiaceae Rosaceae
Apiaceae Cyperaceae Leguminosae Scrophulariaceae
Araceae Fabaceae Liliaceae Solanaceae
Asteraceae Fagaceae Magnoliaceae Umbelliferae
Brassicaceae Gramineae Orchidaceae Violaceae
Caryophyllaceae Iridaceae Poaceae  
Compositae Labiatae Ranunculaceae